Unseen Passage For Class 8 With Answers

Unseen Passages Unseen Passages 8

Unseen Passage for Class 8

TIGER SURVIVAL

(1) Now is the time to save the magnificent cats, before they vanish from the earth forever. There is a little time left to preserve these animals, so immediate action is required. The latest predictions state that tigers will be extinct in the wild by the year 2025. That is less than six short years, from now; less than six years to save a creature that has been around far longer than us!

(2) I cannot imagine, nor would I wish, living in a world without tigers, without these magnificent creatures living freely in the forests.

(3) The power and beauty of tigers is indisputable. They are an integral part of the ecosystem as they are a major link in the food chain. Tigers have been bestowed magical and supernatural properties by many societies, and have also been revered as Gods. All living creatures of mother earth depend on one another for survival. We, as human beings, are brothers and sisters to every living being, from the plants to the animals and to each other.

(4) Tigers are often killed in the most barbaric and unbelievably cruel ways. Crimes like the killing of tigers must be stopped right way. We must do whatever we can to stop the killing of this magnificent creature. We can write to our government and the governments of countries with tiger populations and urge them to protect the tiger. Penalties for killing tigers and other protected wildlife need to be strict and deterring, and enforced with equal might to discourage the poaching of tigers, and bring to task those who profit from such killings.

On the basis of your reading of the given passage, choose the correct option.

Question. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE, according to the passage?             
(i) Tigers have been bestowed magical and supernatural properties by many societies.
(ii) Tigers are often killed in the most interesting and fascinating ways.
(iii) The power and beauty of tigers is indisputable.
(iv) The latest predictions state that tigers will be extinct in the wild by the year 2025.

Answer

(ii)

Question. On what does all living creatures of mother earth depend for survival?         
(i) Wildlife
(ii) Natural objects
(iii) One another
(iv) Ecosystem

Answer

(iii)

Question. What can we do to protect the tigers?             
(i) We can plant more trees and discourage the practise of deforestation.
(ii) We can take care of the ecosystem as they are a major link in the food chain.
(iii) We can urge the government to protect the tiger and pose penalties for killing tigers.
(iv) We can built zoos to preserve the remaining population of tigers.

Answer

(iii)

Question. What is indisputable?           
(i) Power of tigers
(ii) Beauty of tigers
(iii) Killing of tigers
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Answer

(iv)

Question. What are we, human beings, to every living being?         
(i) Brothers and Sisters
(ii) Protectors
(iii) Enemies
(iv) Opponents

Answer

(i)

Class 8 English Unseen Passage

SPICE OF LIFE

(1) Spices bring to mind the images of tempting cuisines, fascinating voyages, and the bitter struggle for independence. Expressions like ‘variety is the spice of life’ and ‘sugar and spice and all things nice’ explain how spices play upon the literary abilities of men of letters.

(2) To the Orientals, spices are indeed the soul of their food. In the western world, spices evoke dreams of exotic tropical islands, exciting expeditions, and the rise and fall of empires. Columbus went westwards in 1492, from Europe, to find a sea route to the land of spices, but found the New World. Eight years later, Vasco da Gama went around Africa and touched Kozhikode, on the south-west coast of India. Long before that, Arabs started trading with the orient through land routes. During the 13th century, Marco Polo experienced attraction towards spices through his travels. The European conquests and trade arrangements in India and the East Indies also have a lot to do with spices.

(3) Thousands of years ago, the great masters of Ayurveda, notably, Sushruta and Charaka, discussed in detail the use of spices for culinary and medicinal purposes. Enterprising soldiers of fortune carried the knowledge of spices to Egypt. There the soldiers used the spices and aromatic herbs in food, medicine, and cosmetics, and for embalming. The conquest of Egypt and Asia by Alexander the Great made spices an article of commercial value in the Mediterranean countries, and central and northern Europe. There are reports of pepper being used in the preservation of meat and to mask the unpleasant odour of stale meat available after long winter storage.

On the basis of your reading of the given passage, choose the correct option.

Question. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE, according to the passage?       
(i) Enterprising soldiers of fortune carried the knowledge of spices to Egypt.
(ii) To the Arabs, spices are indeed the soul of their food.
(iii) Sushruta and Charaka, discussed in detail the use of spices for culinary and medicinal purposes.
(iv) In the western world, spices evoke dreams of exotic tropical islands.

Answer

(ii)

Question. Which of the following spice can ease hiccups?     
(i) Clove
(ii) Turmeric
(iii) Black pepper
(iv) Mint

Answer

(iv)

Question. To find a sea route to the land of spices, Columbus went westwards from:   
(i) America
(ii) Europe
(iii) Egypt
(iv) Russia

Answer

(ii)

Question. How are black peppers useful?       
(i) They help to mask the unpleasant odour of the stale meat.
(ii) They help relieve indigestion.
(iii) They help in the preservation of meat.
(iv) All of these

Answer

(iv)

Question. Why do spices fascinate people?   
(i) Because they look attractive
(ii) Because they reduce the literary abilities of men of letters
(iii) Because they are of little commercial value
(iv) Because they bring to mind the images of tempting cuisines and fascinating voyages

Answer

(iv)

Unseen Passage for Class 8 with Answers

ADVENT OF AUTOMATION

(1) One of the greatest advances in modern technology has been the invention of computers. They are widely used in industries and universities. There is hardly any sphere of human life where computers have not been pressed into the service of man. We are fast heading towards the day when the computer will be as much a part of man’s daily life as a telephone or a calculator is.

(2) Computers are capable of performing extremely complicated work in all branches of learning. They can solve the most complex mathematical problems or put thousands of unrelated facts in order. These machines can be put to varied use. For instance, they can provide information on the best way to prevent traffic jams. This whole process, by which machines can be used to work for us, has been called ‘automation’. In the future, automation may enable human beings to enjoy more leisure than they do today. The advent of automation definitely has important social consequences.

(3) Some years ago, an expert on automation, Sir Leon Bagrit, pointed out that it was a mistake to believe that these machines could think. There is no possibility that human beings will be controlled by machines. Though computers are capable of learning from their mistakes and improving on their performance, they need detailed instructions from human beings to operate. They can never, as it were, lead independent lives or rule the world, by making decisions of their own.

(4) Sir Leon said that in the future such computers would be developed which would be small enough to carry in the pocket. Ordinary people would then be able to use them to obtain valuable information. Computers could be plugged into a national network and be used like radios. For instance, people going on holiday could be informed about the weather conditions, a precursor of which is providing drivers with alternative routes when there are traffic jams.

On the basis of your reading of the given passage, choose the correct option. 

Question. What is the greatest advancement in modern technology?     
(i) The invention of computer
(ii) The advent of automation
(iii) The discovery of the wheel
(iv) Providing drivers with alternative routes during traffic jams

Answer

(i)

Question. Computers can provide information on the best way to:     
(i) prevent traffic jams
(ii) enjoy more leisure
(iii) make decisions of their own
(iv) provide alternative routes

Answer

(i)

Question. What is automation?         
(i) The process by which autos are used for travelling.
(ii) The process by which man can be used to work for machines.
(iii) The process by which machines can be used to work for us.
(iv) The process by which man can make machines.

Answer

(iii)

Question. What did Sir Leon Bagrit point out about machines?   
(i) That it was a mistake to believe that machines could think
(ii) That it was a mistake to believe that machines could work
(iii) That it was a mistake to believe that machines could solve complex mathematical problems
(iv) That it was a mistake to believe that machines could control

Answer

(i)

Question. What are computers capable of?       
(i) To perform extremely complicated work in all branches of learning
(ii) To give detailed instructions to human beings
(iii) To make decisions of their own
(iv) To control all the machines

Answer

(i)

Comprehensions for Class 8 English with Solutions

DEMONETISATION 2016

(1) On 10 November 2016, the Indian government decided to demonetise the 500- and 1,000-rupee notes, the two biggest denominations of the Indian currency system. These notes accounted for 86% of the country’s circulating cash. With little warning, India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi announced to the citizenry that these notes would be rendered ineffective with immediate effect. People were given time till the end of the year to deposit or exchange them for newly introduced 2,000 and 500-rupee notes.

(2) The government’s goal was to combat India’s thriving underground economy on several fronts: eradicate counterfeit currency, fight tax evasion (only 1% of the population pays taxes), eliminate black money accumulated from money laundering and terroristfinancing activities, and to promote a cashless economy. Individuals and entities with huge sums of black money acquired from parallel cash systems were forced to take their largedenomination notes to a bank, and account for them satisfactorily and submit the proof of tax paid. If the individual could not provide the proof of making any tax payments on the cash he/she possessed, a penalty of 200% on the tax due was to be imposed.

(3) Demonetisation had a severe impact on the gold market. The extraordinary demand for the yellow metal brought a stiff hike in its cost. However, the government made it mandatory that every buyer had to submit his/her PAN card details for purchases made.

(4) Many Indians switched to alternative payment methods. The biggest gainers were mobile wallet companies that offered easy transactions through a large network of partners. Alibaba-backed Paytm saw a sevenfold increase in overall traffic. Customers found the option of prepaid cash cards useful. Other alternatives included mobile payment systems linked to e-commerce businesses like Ola Money, FreeCharge, and Flipkart Wallet.

On the basis of your reading of the given passage, choose the correct option.

Question. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE, according to the passage?     
(i) Demonetisation had a severe impact on the stock market.
(ii) Alibaba-backed Paytm saw a sevenfold increase in overall traffic.
(iii) On 10 November 2016, the Indian government decided to demonetise the two biggest denominations of the Indian currency system.
(iv) People were given time till the end of the year to deposit or exchange the notes.

Answer

 (i) 

Question. What was the impact of demonetisation on the entities with huge sums of black money?   
(i) They were forced to take their large-denomination notes to bank.
(ii) They were asked to submit the proof of tax paid.
(iii) A penalty of 200% on the black money was to be imposed.
(iv) Both (i) and (ii)

Answer

 (iv) 

Question. Why did the government decide to demonetise the 500- and 1,000- rupee notes?   
(i) To eradicate counterfeit currency
(ii) To fight tax evasion
(iii) To eliminate black money
(iv) All of these

Answer

 (iv) 

Question. Customers found the option of ________________ useful.       
(i) prepaid cash cards
(ii) submitting pan card details
(iii) paying tax
(iv) money laundering

Answer

 (i) 

Question. What did the government make mandatory for every buyer to purchase gold?         
(i) To submit the proof of tax paid
(ii) To submit the PAN card details
(iii) To opt for mobile payment systems
(iv) To submit the proof of citizenship

Answer

 (ii) 

Solved Unseen Passage for Class 8 English

GIRL CHILD EDUCATION

(1) The education of a child starts from the family where the mother is the first teacher. But the irony in India is that although the deity of education is a female, that is, Goddess Saraswati, according to Hinduism, innumerable number of women remain illiterate here. They do not remain uneducated by choice but are forbidden from receiving education because of the patriarchal system in the society. Right from the early Vedic period, people have been celebrating the birth of a son, nevertheless, in those days, daughters were not neglected but were educated well. However, during the later Vedic period, daughters were considered a social burden. Only the girls belonging to upper class families enjoyed the right of education and got proper nourishment. In the medieval period, the conditions deteriorated for the females, even in royal families. Girls could not get the same status as the boys. In Muslim households, they were taught at their homes, while Hindu girls enjoyed the privilege of getting primary education along with the boys in schools.

(2) The prevalence of child marriage was excessively practised then. However, in the nineteenth century, many social reformers like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Annie Besant, M. G. Ranade, Jyotiba Phule and Swami Dayanand Saraswati came forward for the emancipation of women in India. Raja Ram Mohan Roy especially advocated female education.

(3) Since then, there has been tremendous progress in every field, but unfortunately, girls are still neglected. In most families, the birth of a girl child is not desired and, if accepted, she is considered inferior to boys and her education is not considered important because it seems a waste of money to the majority of the parents. They think it unreasonable because, later on they would be compelled to spend a heavy amount on her dowry. So, the female literacy rate is unsatisfactory. This has a direct impact on the overall development of the nation.

On the basis of your reading of the given passage, choose the correct option.   

Question. In the medieval period, the conditions deteriorated for the females, and even in:     
(i) the working class
(ii) the trading community
(iii) the educated community
(iv) the royal families

Answer

 (iv) 

Question. Why were women not allowed to receive education?   
(i) Due to the patriarchal system in the society
(ii) Due to the matriarchal system in the society
(iii) Due to the nuclear nature of the society
(iv) Due to the joint nature of the family

Answer

 (i) 

Question. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE, according to the passage?         
(i) Female literacy rate is unsatisfactory.
(ii) The birth of a girl child is not desired.
(iii) Annie Besant advocated female education.
(iv) In Muslim households, girls were taught at their homes.

Answer

 (iii) 

Question. What was enjoyed by the girls belonging to upper class families during later vedic period? 
(i) Right to education
(ii) Proper nourishment
(iii) Both (i) and (ii)
(iv) Neither (i) nor (ii)

Answer

 (iii) 

Question. What has a direct impact on the overall development of the nation?       
(i) Female literacy rate
(ii) Birth of a girl child
(iii) Child marriage
(iv) Proper nourishment

Answer

 (i) 

Unseen Passages for Class 8 English

Read the following excerpt from a case study titled ‘Sustainable Tourism’.

(1) The white tiger is an offspring of Bengal tiger, which has the necessary gene for white colouring. It has beautiful black stripes on a white coat. This species of animal has blue eyes and a pink nose.

(2) A pure white tiger is totally white without any stripe, which is due to the presence of double recessive allele in the genetic code. It happens only in the Bengal tiger subspecies, and only one in 10,000 births can have it naturally. White tigers are rarely seen in the wild, and only twelve of them have been spotted in India since last one-hundred years. Tigers have a life-span of 10-15 years. They are solitary animals, and are fond of hunting at night. Their diet consists of any animals that they can catch, and can eat up to 40 pounds of meat at one time. After such a big meal, they usually remain away for several days from food.

(3) They are slow runners, but good swimmers. They are poor climbers and cannot climb a tree easily. They live in an area ranging from 10 to 30 square miles depending upon the availability of prey, water and shelter. Habitat loss, poaching and expansion of human population have together contributed to their becoming endangered. They are widely hunted for their bodyparts, which are used in traditional Chinese medicines.

(4) Genetic inbreeding is another reason for their endangerment. Due to shortage in their number, this species of animal has been subjected to inbreeding. It has resulted in high mortality rates and severe disabilities. About 80 percent of the white tiger cubs are born with serious birthdefects related to inbreeding, and they soon die-off.

(5) The critical condition of this animal has attracted the attention of conservationists worldwide. World Wildlife Federation (WWF), defenders of wildlife, and many other wildlife organisations are working with the support of the government for the cause of protecting them from becoming extinct. Once they become extinct, it will not be possible to bring them back to life.

On the basis of your understanding of the passage, answer ANY FIVE questions from the six given below. 

Question. Why is there no stripe on the pure white tiger?
Answer : There is no stripe on the pure white tiger due to the presence of double recessive allele in the genetic code.

Question. Which factors have led to the tiger species fall in the category of endangered species?
Answer : The tiger species has fallen in the category of endangered species because of habitat loss, poaching, expansion of human population and genetic inbreeding. 

Question. Why are the tigers hunted?
Answer : The tigers are widely hunted for their body parts which are used in traditional chinese medicines.

Question. The word which means the same as ‘illegal hunting’ in para 3 is _____________.
Answer : poaching

Question. What does the visual given about depict about the number of tigers?
Answer : The visual given above depicts an encouraging picture as it shows an increase in the number of tigers.

Question. What has contributed to the change in the number of tigers from 2006 to 2018?
Answer : The hard work of World Wildlife Federation, defenders of wildlife and many other organisation which are working with the support of government to protect the endangered tiger species has contributed to the increase in the number of tigers from 2006 to 2018.

Solved Unseen Passages for English Class 8

Read the following passage carefully:

THE ROAD TO SUCCESS

(1) The Road to success is not straight; there is a curve called failure, a loop called confusion, speed bumps called friends, caution–lights called family, and you will have flats called jobs. But, if you have a spark called determination, an engine called perseverance, insurance called faith, and a driver called God, you will eventually make it to a place called success!

(2) In spite of all our planning and preparation, unexpected challenges are certain to arise. The bumps in the road will be unavoidable, but you’ll never get to your destination if you aren’t willing to drive over them. The difference between a disaster and triumph lies in whether or not you’re prepared and willing to weather the storm. If you’re ready, those bumps will become the stepping-stones.

(3) The key thing to realise is that working harder is the same as working smarter. How do you work smarter? You just need to have the right skills. People want improved circumstances and better life without an improved self. They want victory without paying the price or making efforts. It really cannot happen without the other. Any improvements that have not been generated by improving yourself are superficial and short-lived. If you want to have a better future, you have to change yourself. Stop worrying about the various challenges that will come your way. Just believe in yourself and use them as stepping-stones.

(4) “Success” is getting whatever you want out of life without violating the rights of others.” It is not an accident. Success is the result of our attitude and our attitude is a choice. Hence success is a matter of choice and not chance.

(5) Today success represents a holistic and positive attitude to life. Attitude is everything. Success is not restricted within some kind of brick and mortar premises. It assumes the individuality of a complete act executed with perfection; material achievements do not define life. We don’t remember sports stars for the products they endorse but the spirit of achievement that they represent. In the abundance of positive attitude, lie the grandeur of a truly rewarding rich life. 

(6) Success can be measured from two standpoints—the external and the internal. Externally it is the measure of a job well done and the recognition. Internally it is the feeling of achievement and wholeness derived from the completion of a task or fulfilment of desire.

Based on your understanding of the passage, answer ANY FIVE questions from the six given below: 

Question. What qualities lead one to the place called success ?
Answer : One’s determination, faith and perseverance lead one to the place child success.

Question. What is the mantra to change bumps into stepping stones ?
Answer : The only mantra to do so is to realize that working harder is the same as working smarter.

Question. What is success today according to the passage ?
Answer : Success represents a holistic and positive attitude to life. It is not restricted to the four walls of any premises.

Question. The difference between a disaster and triumph lies __________.
Answer : Whether or not you are prepared and willing to weather the storm.

Question. How can one have a better future?
Answer : One can have a better future by changing oneself.

Question. Pick the synonym of ‘surplus’ as given in paragraph 5.
Answer : Abundance.