Important Questions US Hegemony in World Politics Class 12 Political Science

Important Questions US Hegemony in World Politics Class 12 Political Science

Important Questions Class 12

Please refer to Important Questions US Hegemony in World Politics Class 12 Political Science below. These questions and answers have been prepared based on the latest examination guidelines and NCERT book issued for Class 12 Political Science for the current academic year. We have provided Important Questions for Class 12 Political Science for all chapters here. US Hegemony in World Politics is an important chapter in Class 12 Political Science , following Important Questions and their solutions will help you to get more marks in examinations.

US Hegemony in World Politics 12 Political Science Important Questions

Question. When did the Kosovo crisis occur?
(a) 1996
(b) 1997
(c) 1998
(d) 1999 

Answer

D

Question. When the operation Iraq freedom was launched?
(a) 19 March, 2003
(b) 19 March, 2004
(c) 21 March, 2003
(d) 21 March, 2004

Answer

A

Question. Where US defense department was is Head Quarter?
(a) New York
(b) Washington
(c) Pennsylvania
(d) Virginia 

Answer

D

Question. Where is the pentagon building situated in USA?
(a) Virginia
(b) New York
(c) Arlingoton
(d) Pennsylvania 

Answer

C

Question. Where is Kosovo situated?
(A) Kenya
(B)Tanzania
(c) Iraq
(d) Yugoslavia

Answer

D

Question. What was the duration of Cold War?
(a) 1914-1919
(b) 1939-1945
(c) 1945-1991
(d) 1965-1991 

Answer

C

Very Short Answer Type Question:

Question. What does Hegemony mean?
Ans. In the world politics, countries and groups of countries are engaged in constantly trying to gain and retain power. This power is in the form of military domination, economic power, political clout and cultural superiority, In 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union left the world with only a single power, the United States of America. To describe on international system with only one center of power by the term hegemony.

Question. What was the reason of the first gulf war?
Ans. In August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait rapidly occupying and subsequently ammexing it. All the diplomatic attempts failed to convince Iraq to quit its aggression then, the united nation mandated the liberation of Kuwait by force. A massive coalition force of 6, 60, 000 troops from 34 countries fought against Iraq and defeated it in what came to be known as the first Gulf war.

Question. What was „Operation Desert Storm‟?
Ans. A coalition force of 6, 60,000 troops from 34 countries fought against Iraq and defeated it. It was a United Nations operation. This operation was named “Operation Desert Storm”.

Question. What was the popular usage of the world „America‟?
Ans. The popular usage of the world „America‟ refers to the United States of America. America covers the two continents of North and South America and the USA is only one of the countries of the American continent.

Question. Consider the important facts which describe India‟s relationship with the US?
Ans. The following important factors describe India‟s relationship with the US-
1. The US absorbs about 65% of India‟s total exports in the software sector.
2. 35% of the technical staff of Boeing is estimated to be Indian origin.
3. 3, 00,000 Indians work in Silicon Valley.
4. 15% of all high tech start ups are by Indian Americans.

Question. What was operation Infinite Reach?
Ans. The „Operation Infinite Reach‟ was a series of cruise missile strike on Al-quada terrorists targets in sudden missile stride on Al-queda terrorists targets in sudden and Afghanistan. The US did not brother about the UN sanction or provisions of international law in this regards this operation was in response to the bombing of US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar-Es-Salam Tanzania in 1998.

Question. When the US hegemony began?
Ans. The US hegemony began in 1991 after Soviet power disappeared from the international scene.

Question. What is Al-Qaeda?
Ans. Al-Qaeda is a terrorist organisation strongly influenced by extremist Islamists ideas. Al-quad was responsible for bombing of the US embassies in Nairobi Kenya and Dar-es-Salam Tanzania in 1998

Question. What was the „Operation Enduring Freedom‟?
Ans. United States launched „Operation Enduring Freedom‟ against all those suspected to be behind 9/11 attacks mainly Al-Qaeda and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. The Taliban regime was easily over throwen, but remnants of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda have remained potent, as is clear from them number of terrorists attacks launched by them against western targets.

Short Answer Type Question:

Question. Draw a flow-chart of US foreign policy?

Important Questions US Hegemony in World Politics Class 12 Political Science

Question. What are the constraints on American hegemony today? which one of these do you expect to get more important in the future?
Ans. There are three constraints on American power. The first constraint is the insitutional architecture of the American State in self. A system of division of powers between the three branches of government is legislative, executive and judiciary. These branches place significant brake upon the unrestrained and immoderate exercise of America‟s military power by the executive branch. The second constraint on American power is domestic in nature and stems from the opon nature of American society. The third constraint on American power is the North Atlantic treaty organisation (NATO)
 I expect the third constraint American power to get more important in the future. NATO is the only one organization in the international system that could possibly moderate the exercise of American power. The United States obviously has an enormous Interest in the keeping the alliance of democracies that follow the market economics alive. Therefor it is possible that its allies in the NATO will be able to moderate the exercise of US hegemony.

Question. Draw a diagram showing the military expenditure of USA and twelve other powerful nations military expenditure?

Important Questions US Hegemony in World Politics Class 12 Political Science

Question. Write a short note on cultural dimension US hegemony?
Ans. It would be a mistake to see us hegemony in purely military and economic terms without considering the ideological or the cultural dimension of US hegemony.
The predominance of us in the world today is based not only on its cultural presence. Whether we choose to recognise the fact on not, all ideas of the good life and personal success, most of the dreams of individuals and societies across the globe are dreams churnedout by practices, Prevailing in Twentieth Century America. America is the most seductive and in this sense the most powerful, culture on earth.

Long Answer Type Question:

Question. Read the three extract in the chapter from the Lok Sabha debate on the Indo-US deal. Delope any one of these into a full speech defending a certain position on Indo-US relations?
Ans. During the debate in Lok Sabha on the Indo-US agreement on nuclear energy the Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh says that in recent year India‟s impressive economic growth rate has made the country an attractive economic partner for a number of countries including the USA. International politics largely in terms of military power are fearful of the growing closeness between India and the USA. The growing convergence of interests between the US and India creates a good for India. In the present phase of global hegemony India has needed a good relationship with the USA Dr. Manmohan Singh believes that it is in the interest of our country to have good relations with all the major countries but emphases on the relationship with the USA he advocates a strategy that would allow India to take advantage of US hegemony and mutual convergences to establish the best possible options for itself. He adds the USA is a pre-eminent power. So the Indo-US agreement on nuclear energy is beneficial for India. The new factors have emerged in Indo-US relations in recent years. These factors relate to the technological dimension and the role of the Indian American Diaspora.
The following facts shows that the Indo-US relations is how important and it is increasing day by day.
(a) The USA absorbs about 65 present of India‟s total exports in the software sectors.
(b) 35 percent of the technical staff of Boeing is estimated to be of India origin.
(c) 3, 00,000 Indians work in Silicon Valley.
(d) 15 percent of all high-tech starts up are by Indian Americans.

Important Questions US Hegemony in World Politics Class 12 Political Science