Please refer to Important Questions Security in the Contemporary World Class 12 Political Science below. These questions and answers have been prepared based on the latest examination guidelines and NCERT book issued for Class 12 Political Science for the current academic year. We have provided Important Questions for Class 12 Political Science for all chapters here. Security in the Contemporary World is an important chapter in Class 12 Political Science , following Important Questions and their solutions will help you to get more marks in examinations.
Security in the Contemporary World 12 Political Science Important Questions
Question. The Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty was signed in-
Question. Security Policy is concerned with
(c) Difference and defend
(d) none of the above
Question. Which of the following is a source of insecurity?
(b) Global Poverty
(d) All of the above
Question. Security Implies_________ .Which of the following is not a member of G-8?
(a) Freedom form threats
(b) Freedom form Insurgency
(c) Freedom form terrorism
(d) none of the above
Question. Biological weapons Convention was held in-
Question. A good part of maintaining a balance of power is to build up.
(a) One?s military power
(b) economic power
(c) only technological power
(d) none of these
Question. Which of the following is a type of human right?
(a) Freedom of Speech
(b) Economic Rights
(c) Social Rights
(d) All of the above
Fill in the Blanks:
Question. India first tested a nuclear device in ______ .
Question. The chemical weapons convention was held in ______________.
Very short answer type question:
Question. Write two important powers which are the basis for military power?
Ans. Economic power and technological power are two important powers. They are the basis for military power.
Question. Why do terrorists create terror?
Ans.Terrorists creates terror due to the following reasons-
(i) To force the government to fulfill their political, economic, and social demands.
(ii) They are paid for it by their organisation.
(iii) To make democracy ineffective because they have no faith in democracy.
(iv) To attract the attention of the people of other countries and media.
Question. What is terrorism?
Ans.Terrorism is mainly the criminal and violent act committed by a section of the people against the society and the government to get their demands accepted.
Question. What do you mean by the world alliance?
Ans. An alliance is a coalition of states that coordinate their actions to deter or defend against military attack.
Question. How do the terrorists value human rights and democratic means?
Ans. Terrorism has no faith in democratic means and has utter disregard for human value. They believe in the cult of the bombs and guns. All their activities are anti democratic. They kidnap man and women, commit murder and destroy property.
Question. Mention four components of traditional security policy?
Ans. Four components of traditional security policy are deterrence, defense, balance of power and alliance building.
Question. What is the most dangerous sign of terrorism today?
Ans. The most dangerous sign of terrorism is that most of them are religiously motivated. The people who are not of their religion or sect have to face communal violence and hatred.
Question. What do you mean by disarmament?
Ans. Disarmament is a traditional view of security disarmament requires all states to give up certain kinds of weapons. For example the 1972 Biological and 1972 chemical weapons convention (CWC) banned the production and possession of these weapons more then 155 states acceded to the (BWC) and 181 states acceded to the CWC.
Short answer type question:
Question.“Terrorism poses a serious law and order problems and leads to the disintegration of society “Justify the statement giving four examples.
Ans. There are many examples which justify “Terrorism poses a serious law and order problem and leads to disintegration of society” Four of them are as follows-
(i) Property of crores is being destroyed and destroyed by senseless people.
(ii) Terrorists are creating great fear in the minds of the people.
(iii) The sometimes attack religious places which cause communal riots and large number of people are killed.
(iv) The government has to spend huge amounts of money for training and providing modern equipment to the armed forces. If the terrorism is checked, this money can be spent on the removal of poverty providing education and medical facilities to the people.
Question. What is the difference between traditional and non-traditional security? What category would the creation and substance & alliances belling to?
Ans. Traditional conceptions of security are principally concerned with the use or threat of use, of military force. Its traditional security, force is both the principal threat to security and the principal means of achieving security. Non traditional notions of security go beyond military threat to include a wide range of threats and dangers affecting the conditions of human existence. In the traditional security conception, the regerent is the state with its territory and governing institutions. In the non traditional conceptions, the referent is expanded proponents of nontraditional security reply “Not just the state but also individuals or communities or indeed all of human kind. Nontraditional views of security have been called “Human security or global security”.Creation and substance of alliances belong to the traditional security. An alliance a coalition of states that coordinate their actions to deter or defend against military attack.
Question. Write a note on terrorism?
Ans. Terrorism refers to political violence that targets civilians deliberately and in discriminately. International terrorism involves the citizens or territory of more than one country terrorist groups seek to change a political content or condition that they do not like by force of threat of force. Civilian targets are usually chosen to terrorism the public and to use the unhappiness of the public as a weapon against national government or other parties in conflict. The classic cases of terrorism involve hijacking planes or planting bomes in trains cafes. Markets and other crowded places. Since 11 September, 2001 when terrorists attacked the world trade centre in America, other governments and public have paid more attention to terrorism, through terrorism in self is not new. In the past, most of the terror attacks have occurred in the Middle East, Europe Latin America and South Asia.
Long Answer Type question :
Question. What are the differences in the threats the people in the third world face and those living in the first world face?
Ans. The cold war between, the two super powers, the united states and Soviet Union, was responsible for approximately one-third of all wars in the post-second world war period most of these wars were occurred in the third world. Just as the European colonial powers feared violence in the colonies. Some colonial people feared after independence, that they might be attacked by their former colonial rulers in Europe. They had to prepare, therefore, to defend themselves against an imperial war.
The security challenges facing the newly independent countries of third world were different from the challenges in the first world in two ways. For exthing, the new countries faced the prospect of military conflict. These countries faced threats not only from outside their borders, mostly from neighbors, but also from within the countries of the third world came to fear their neighbors even more than they feared the united states or soviet union or the format colonial powers. They quarreled over borders and territories or control of people and population or all of these simultaneously.
Internally the new states worried about threats form separatist movements which wanted to from independent countries. A neighbor might help of instigate an internal separatist movement lending to tensions between two neighboring countries. So, for the third world external wars with neighbours and internal wars posed a serious challenge to their security.