Please refer to Class 12 Geography Sample Paper with solutions provided below. All sample papers for Geography Class 12 have been designed as per the latest paper pattern issued by CBSE for the current academic year. Students should practice these guess papers for Class 12 Geography as it will help them to gain more understanding of the type of questions that are expected to be asked in upcoming Class 12 Geography exams. Please click on the links below to access free CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography.
|Class 12 Geography Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set A|
|Class 12 Geography Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set B|
|Class 12 Geography Sample Paper Term 2 With Solutions Set A|
Class 12 Geography Sample Paper Term 1 With Solutions Set A
1. Which one of the following Union Territories has the highest density of population?
(a) NCT Delhi
(b) Andaman and Nicobar Island
2. Arrange the following approaches in a sequential order according to their development.
Choose the correct option.
1. Spatial organisation 2. Regional approach
3. Areal differentiation 4. Humanistic approach
(a) 1, 4, 2, 3
(b) 4, 1, 3, 2
(c) 2, 3, 1, 4
(d) 3, 2, 4, 1
3. Panna, Para, Palli, Nagla and Dhani are examples of which of the following settlements?
(a) Clustered Settlements
(b) Semi-Clustered Settlements
(c) Dispersed Settlements
(d) Hamleted Settlements
4. Which of the following programs sponsored by Central Government aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation?
(a) Arvary Pani Sansad
(d) Narmada Bachao
5. Population of India according to occupation can be categorised into.
(a) Main workers, Marginal workers, Non-workers
(b) Marginal workers, Household industrial workers, Non-workers
(c) Agricultural labourers, Marginal workers, Non-workers
(d) Cultivators, Main-workers, Marginal workers
6. Who among the following developed the concept of ‘human development’?
(a) Ellen C Semple
(b) Dr Mahbub-ul-Haq
(c) Kanwar Sen
(d) Griffith Tailor
7. Which one of the following is not a plantation crop?
8. Which of the following best describes ‘development’?
(a) An increase in size
(b) A constant in size
(c) A positive change in quality
(d) A simple change in quality
9. Which of the following programme is launched by the present Union Government for the cleaning of river Ganga?
(a) Ganga Action Plan
(b) Namami Gange
(c) Ganga Namami Action Plan
(d) Ganga Cleaning Mission
10. Which of the following is not an industrial city?
11. Which one of the following is not a method of mining?
(a) Shaft mining
(b) Opencast mining
(c) Underground mining
12. According to Census 2011, which of the following depicts the percentage of the level of urbanisation in India?
(a) 31.16 %
(b) 28 %
(c) 33.16 %
(d) 26 %
13. According to Census of India, migration is enumerated on which of the following basis?
(a) Place of Origin
(b) Place of residence
(c) Place of Origin as well as Place of Residence
(d) Place of Birth
14. Through which of the following, functional relations establish between rural and urban areas?
(a) Through the means of transport and communications
(b) Through the supply of raw material
(c) Through the exchange of finished products in rural areas
(d) Through the consumption of products produced in rural areas
15. Coffee Plantations in Brazil are known as
16. Who among the following is related to ‘capability approach’?
(a) Dr Mahbub-ul-Haq
(b) Prof Amartya Sen
17. Which of the following areas of our country are deficient in rainfall and are drought prone?
(a) North- Eastern states
(b) Deccan Plateau
(c) Gangetic Plain
(d) Brahmaputra valley
18. Which of the following colonial super power had monopoly over sugarcane plantation in Indonesia?
19. Which of the following is a good example of Fort town?
20. Which one of the following concepts is related to Naturalisation of Humans?
(a) Environmental Determinism
21. Which one of the following is the main feature of rural settlement?
(a) Derive economic needs from primary activities
(b) Derive economic needs from secondary activities
(c) Derive economic needs from tertiary activities
(d) Derive economic needs from quaternary activities
22. Which of the following sectors has used the highest percentage of total water in India?
23. Who among the following has introduced the concept of Neo-determinism?
(b) Griffith Taylor
(c) Ellen C Semple
(d) Paul Vidal de La Blache
24. Which of the following attributes has not been adversely affected by Age and Skill selective migration?
(a) Downfall in working population in rural areas.
(b) Thewhole burden of agriculturalwork has to be borne by the old population in rural areas.
(c) Only old people and women are left behind in the place of origin.
(d) Balance in age and sex composition.
There are 24 questions in this section. Attempt any 20 questions.
Question no. 25-29 are based on map and are mandatory to attempt. ( Visually Impaired students will also attempt MCQs )
25. Choose the country with largest Geographical area in the African Continent.
(d) South Africa
26. Which one of the following is a region of commercial grain farming practised in Europe?
27. Which one of the following is a region ofNorthAmerica practising subsistence gathering?
(a) Great Lake
(c) North Canada
28. Which of the following terminal stations connect Trans-Canadian Railway?
(a) Halifax and Vancouver
(b) New York and San Francisco
(c) Halifax and Montreal
(d) Calgary and Vancouver
29. Which of the following is the most heavily used inland waterway of the world?
(a) Suez Canal
(b) Panama Canal
(c) Rhine Waterway
(d) Volga Waterway
30. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option from the given options.
1. Population grown rapidly during the sixteenth and seventeenth century.
2. Expansion of world trade during sixteenth and seventeenth century is an important cause of it.
(a) Only 1 is correct
(b) Only 2 is correct
(c) Both the statements are incorrect
(d) Both statements are correct and statement 2 correctly explains the statement 1
31. Which of the following pair is not correctly matched?
Pillars of Human Development – Indicators
(a) Equity – making equal access to opportunities available to everybody
(b) Sustainability – Continuity in the availability of opportunities
(c) Productivity – Resources must be used keeping in mind the future
(d) Empowerment – To have the power to make choices
32. ‘‘Each community occupies a well-identified territory as a matter of tradition”.
Above mentioned line is an important characteristic of which of the following activity?
(a) Subsistence agriculture
(b) Nomadic herding
(c) Plantation agriculture
(d) Collective farming
33. Which of the following statement is not true regarding the ‘Smart City Mission’?
(a) To promote cities that provide core infrastructure, a clean and sustainable environment and give a decent quality of life to its citizens.
(b) To apply smart solutions to infrastructure and services in order to make them better.
(c) Use of fewer resources, providing cheaper services and focus on sustainable and inclusive development.
(d) Increase in unemployment.
34. Which of the following is NOT an environmental consequence of migration?
(a) Unplanned growth of urban settlement
(b) Mixing of diverse culture
(c) Depletion of ground water
(d) Exploitation of natural resource
35. In Himalayan regions which of the following tribes are linked with the activity of Transhumance?
36. Match the Column I with Column II and choose the correct options with the help of given options.
A B C D E F A B C D E F
(a) 1 2 3 4 5 6
(b) 4 2 1 3 6 5
(c) 6 5 4 3 2 1
(d) 2 1 4 3 5 6
37. This age was marked by use of computers and sophisticated statistical tools. Laws of physics were often applied to map and analyse. Select the correct option.
(a) Regional analysis
(b) Quantitative revolution
(c) Areal Differentiation
(d) Spatial organisation
38. In which of the following streams of migration, females pre-dominate in both intra-state and inter-state migration?
(a) Urban to Rural
(b) Urban to Urban
(c) Rural to Rural
(d) Rural to Urban
39. Which of the following column is not matched correctly?
(a) Truck farming Growing of vegetables
(b) Factory farming Rearing of poultry and cattle
(c) Market gardening Growing of flowers
(d) Viticulture Rearing of fish
40. Consider the following features and choose the correct title after associating them.
1. More often such a pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation of large compact village.
2. The land- owning and dominant community occupies the central part of the main village whereas people of lower strata of society and menial workers settle on the outer flanks of the village.
3. They are found in Gujarat plains and some parts of Rajasthan.
(a) Hamleted Settlement
(b) Semi-clustered or fragmented
(c) Clustered Settlements
(d) Isolated Settlements
41. Consider the following and choose the correct answer from the given options.
1. Work participation rate tend to be higher in the areas of lower levels of economic development.
2. Number of manual workers are needed to perform the subsistence or near subsistence economic activities.
(a) Only statement I is correct
(b) Both statements are correct and statement II correctly explains statement I
(c) Only statement II is correct
(d) Both the statements are incorrect
42. Consider the following statements and choose the correct option for the same.
1. Grape cultivation is the specialty of the Mediterranean agriculture.
2. Wines are produced from high quality grapes and the inferior grapes are dried into raisins and Currants.
(a) Only 1 is correct
(b) Both 1 and 2 are correct
(c) Only 2 is correct
(d) Both are incorrect
43. Match the Column I with Column II and choose the correct answer with the help of given codes.
A B C D E F A B C D E F
(a) 6 5 4 3 2 1
(b) 1 2 3 4 5 6
(c) 6 5 3 4 1 2
(d) 2 3 1 5 4 6
44. In the year 2015, a policy was formulated for the adolescents to give them proper guidance and the better development of their talent. Select the correct answer.
(a) Skill development and entrepreneurship
(b) Universalisation of education
(c) Rejuvenation of schools
(d) National Youth Policy
45. Which of the following pairs is not matched correctly?
Cities Basis Of Development
(a) Prayag (Allahabad) On religious and cultural basis
(b) Lucknow Based on the remnants of ancient cities
(c) Kolkata On cultural basis
(d) Mumbai In the form of commercial port
46. Match the column I with column II and choose the correct answer with the help of given codes. 46
A B C D E A B C D E
(a) 1 2 3 4 5
(b) 3 5 2 1 4
(c) 5 4 3 2 1
(d) 3 5 4 2 1
47. Consider the following statements and choose correct option from the given options.
1. Many species now have become extinct or endangered due to illegal hunting.
2. The early hunters used primitive tools made of stones, twigs or arrows so the number of animals killed were limited.
(a) Only statement 1 is correct
(b) Only statement 2 is correct
(c) Both statements 1 and 2 are correct
(d) Both statements are incorrect
48. Make correct pairs of the following two columns and select the correct option.
A B C D A B C D
(a) 1 4 2 3
(b) 4 1 3 2
(c) 2 3 4 1
(d) 1 2 3 4
SOURCE BASED QUESTIONS
Question number 49 to 52 are compulsory to attempt.
Jal Kranti Abhiyan (2015-16)
Water is a recyclable resource but its availability is limited and the gap between supply and demand will be widening over time. Climate change at the global scale will be creating water
stress conditions in many regions of the world. India has a unique situation of high population growth and rapid economic development with high water demand. The Jal Kranti Abhiyan
launched by the Government of India in 2015–16 with an aim to ensure water security through per capita availability of water in the country. People in different regions of India had practised the traditional knowledge of water conservation and management to ensure water availability.
The Jal Kranti Abhiyan aims at involving local bodies, NGOs and cititzens, at large, in creating awareness regarding its objectives. The following activities have been proposed under the Jal Kranti Abhiyan.
1. Selection of one water stressed village in each 672 districts of the country to create a ‘Jal Gram’.
2. Ídentification of model command area of about 1000 hectares in different parts of the country, for example, UP, Haryana (North), Karnataka, Telangana, Tamil Nadu (South), Rajasthan, Gujarat (West), Odisha (East), Meghalaya (North-East).
3. Abatement of pollution.
• Water conservation and artificial recharge.
• Reducing groundwater pollution.
• Construction of Arsenic-free wells in selected areas of the country.
4. Creating mass awareness through social media, radio, TV, print media, poster and essay writing competitions in schools. Jal Kranti Abhiyan is designed to provide livelihood and
food security through water security.
49. Present day world is experiencing acute water paucity due to:
(a) Climate Change
(b) Industrial Pollution
(c) Rising Sea level
(d) Forest Depletion
50. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of Model Command Area in India?
(a) Water conservation and artificial recharge
(b) Reducing groundwater pollution
(c) Construction of Arsenic-free wells in selected areas of the country
(d) Not concerned with food security and livelihood of the people
51. The Objective of the Jal Kranti Abhiyan is achieved through
(a) Using traditional know how
(b) Adopting modern technology
(c) Mixing modern technology with traditional knowledge
(d) Outsource to some other organisation
52. The main aim of The Jal Kranti Abhiyan is to ensure water security through
(a) Creating Jal Grams
(b) Reducing ground water pollution
(c) Per capita availability of water
(d) Construction of arsenic free wells
GRAPH BASED QUESTION
Attempt any 3 questions from the following questions 53-56.
Study the given graph carefully and answer the following questions.
53. How does the natural increase in population occur, as per the graph?
(a) Birth Rate – Death Rate
(b) Death Rate + Birth Rate
(c) Growth Rate – Birth Rate
(d) Birth Rate + Migration
54. What does the transition from high fluctuating stage to low fluctuating stage indicate?
(a) Shift from Urban Industrial economy to Rural Agrarian economy
(b) Shift from Rural Agrarian economy to Urban Industrial economy
(c) Low Birth and Death Rate to High Birth and Death Rate
(d) Migration from Urban to Rural areas
55. From the given graph, what condition can you infer about the developing countries?
(a) High Birth Rate and High Death Rate
(b) Low Birth rate and Low Death rate
(c) High Birth Rate and Low Death Rate
(d) Low Birth Rate and High Death Rate
56. In which stage of Demographic Transition, population explosion took place?
(a) Stage I
(b) Stage II
(c) Stage III
(d) Post Stage III
DATA BASED QUESTIONS
Attempt any 3 questions from the following questions 57-60.
57. Which year has seen a negative population growth rate in India?
58. What was the highest recorded growth rate of population in India?
59. Which year has recorded the highest growth of population in India in terms of absolute numbers?
60. How much population increase has been registered between the census years 1911 to census year 2011?